Ground 3 - Charts, Airports and Airspace


The purpose of this lesson is to develop the pilot-in-training’s understanding of safety of flight rules and best practices, procedures for operating at airports, interpreting aeronautical charts, and understanding airspace operating rules.


Golfing Trip

You are an avid golfer and have offered to fly a friend to Napa to golf for the day at the Chardonnay Golf Club. To avoid the traffic on I-80, you have decided to rent an airplane from Executive Flyers at the Sacramento Executive Airport (KSAC) and fly to the Napa Co Airport (KAPC) and borrow a courtesy car from the Napa Jet Center.

  • Study these chapters in the Jeppesen Private Pilot Textbook and answer the end-of-section reviews.
    • Chapter 4– The Flight Environment
      • Section A: Safety of Flight
      • Section B: Airports
      • Section C: Aeronautical Charts
      • Section D: Airspace
    • Chapter 5 - Communication and Flight Information
      • Section C: Sources of Flight Information
  • Prepare for the knowledge test by studying these sections in the ASA Private Pilot Test Prep book.
    • Chapter 5 - Procedures and Airport Operations
  • Prepare for a flight from Sacramento Executive Airport (KSAC) to Napa Airport (KAPC)
    • Use your plotter to determine the true course and distance in nautical miles from Sacramento Executive Airport to Napa airport.
    • Convert the true course to a magnetic course by applying the magnetic deviation depicted on the sectional chart for this area.
    • Practice recognizing chart symbols along the route of flight by referencing the sectional chart legend for every unfamiliar symbol.
Learning Objectives
Safety of Flight
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Right of Way Rules
Explain Minimum Safe Altitudes
Explain Positioning Flight Controls while Taxiing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Traffic Pattern
Describe Wind Direction Indicators
Describe Segmented Circle
Describe Noise Abatement Procedure
Describe Runway and Taxiway Markings and Signs
Describe Runway Incursion Avoidance Procedures
Describe Land and Hold Short Operations
Describe Airport, Runway and Taxiway Lighting
Describe Visual Glideslope Indicators
Aeronautical Charts
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Latitude and Longitude
Describe Sectional Charts
Describe Airport Symbology
Describe Navigation Aid Symbology
Describe Terrain and Obstructions
Describe Airspace Symbology
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Classifications
Describe Uncontrolled Airspace - Class G
Describe Controlled Airspace - Class A, B, C, D, and E
Describe Special VFR
Describe Special Use Airspace
Describe Special Flight Rules Areas
Describe Air Defense Identification Zones
Describe Temporary Flight Restrictions
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • describe airport, runway and taxiways signs, markings and lighting.
  • explain how to apply safety considerations and Federal Aviation Rules, including runway incursion avoidance, collision avoidance procedures, right-of-way rules, and minimum safe altitudes.
  • practice interpreting aeronautical chart symbology and airspace boundaries and describe the minimum visibility, cloud clearance, equipment and communications requirements to operate in different classes of airspace.