Ground 5 - Air Traffic Control System and Clearances


The purpose of this lesson is to develop the learner's ability to:

  • explain the types of services provided by the air traffic control system
  • explain the use of enroute and terminal facilities in the IFR environment
  • explain the elements of an IFR clearance
  • explain ATC clearance procedures in the IFR environment
  • demonstrate how to write a clearance in shorthand

Study these chapters in the Jeppesen Instrument Commercial Textbook and answer the end-of-section review questions.

  • Chapter 3 - The Flight Environment
    • Section B - Air Traffic Control System
    • Section C - ATC Clearances
Learning Objectives
Air Route Traffic Control Center
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain ARTCC Traffic Separation
Explain Processing the IFR Flight Plan
Explain Air Route Surveillance Radar (ARSR)
Explain Separation from VFR Traffic
Explain Weather Avoidance
Explain Safety Alerts
Explain Emergency Assistance
Terminal Facilities
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON)
Explain Control Tower
Explain ATIS
Explain Clearance Delivery
Traffic Information and Pilot Responsibilities
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain ADS-B
Explain Radar Service for VFR Aircraft
Explain Traffic Advisories
Explain See and Avoid
Explain IFR Climb Considerations
IFR Flight Plan and ATC Clearance
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Elements of an IFR Clearance
Explain Abbreviated IFR Departure Clearance
Explain VFR on Top
Explain Approach Clearances
Explain VFR Restrictions to an IFR Clearance
Explain Composite Flight Plan
Explain Tower Enroute Control Clearance
Explain Departure Restrictions
Explain Clearance Readback
Explain Clearance Shorthand
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • explain the services that ATC provides in the enroute and terminal environment
  • explain IFR clearance procedures