Ground 10 - Navigation


The purpose of this lesson is to develop the pilot-in-training’s ability to use pilotage, VOR navigation and GPS navigation.


You are picking up a friend, a fellow pilot, at the Stockton Airport, and flying her to Placerville Airport to check out an airplane that is listed for sale.  After seeing the airplane, you and your friend will fly to Napa Co Airport for a round of golf at the Chardonnay Golf Club.

  • Study these chapters in the Jeppesen Private Pilot Textbook and answer the end-of-section reviews.
    • Chapter 9 - Navigation
      • Section A: Pilotage and Dead Reckoning
      • Section B: VOR Navigation
      • Section C: Satellite Navigation - GPS
  • Prepare for the knowledge test by studying these sections in the ASA Private Pilot Test Prep book.
    • Chapter 10 - Navigation
  • If training in the Evektor SportStar, familiarize yourself with the Garmin Aera 660 GPS using these resources:
  • If training in the Cessna 172, familiarize yourself with the Garmin 530W using these resources:
  • Prepare for two flights in the simulator.
    • Stockton (KSCK) to Placerville (KPVF) using VOR navigation.  Your route will be:
      • KSCK - LIN - HNW - KPVF
    • Placerville (KPVF) to Napa (KAPC) using GPS navigation.  Your route will be direct; pick visual checkpoints along this route.
Learning Objectives
Pilotage and Dead Reckoning
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Navigation Terms and Concepts
Explain Navigation via pilotage
Practice Checkpoint Selection
Explain Navigation via Dead Reckoning
Practice Determine compass heading from True Course, Magnetic Variation and Winds Aloft
Practice Determine cruising altitude
Practice Determine fuel requirements
Explain Purpose of a VFR flight plan
Explain Lost Procedures
VOR Navigation
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Ground Equipment
Explain Airborne Equipment
Practice Identifying a station
Practice Interpreting VOR Nav Indicator – Determining Orientation
Practice Tracking VOR courses
Practice Intercepting VOR courses
Practice Cross-checking position
Explain Horizontal Situation Indicator
Explain Distance Measuring Equipment
GPS Navigation
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain GPS Components
Explain GPS Receiver Types
Explain GPS Database Currency
Practice Creating GPS Flight Plans
Practice Tracking GPS Courses
Practice Using GPS Nearest Features for Diversion
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • Determine courses and checkpoints for navigation via pilotage.
  • Orientate, track and intercept VOR courses.
  • Create GPS flight plans, track GPS courses and use the Nearest Airport function for diversion.