Ground 9 - ATC Radio Procedures


The purpose of this lesson is to develop the pilot-in-training’s ability to use proper radio phraseology and procedures at uncontrolled and controlled airports, with Air Traffic Control and Flight Service.


Preparation for Trip to Oshkosh

You are planning a trip to Oshkosh for AirVenture, but your airplane’s GPS has been acting strangely, and its oxygen canister is empty. Your aircraft is based at Placerville (KPVF). You are going to fly a three-legged round-robin cross-country flight, first to Columbia (O22) to have the GPS repaired, and then to Sacramento Executive Airport to have the oxygen tank refilled by Executive Autopilots.

  • Study these chapters in the Jeppesen Private Pilot Textbook and answer the end-of-section reviews.
    • Chapter 5 - Communication and Flight Information
      • Section A: ATC Services
      • Section B: Radio Procedures
  • Prepare for the knowledge test by studying these sections in the ASA Private Pilot Test Prep book.
    • Chapter 11 - Communication Procedures
  • Prepare for the three legs of your flight.
    • Determine the route, checkpoints, magnetic courses and distances for the three legs:
      • KPVF - O22
      • O22 - KSAC
      • KSAC - KPVF
    • Determine the radio frequencies for each airport
    • Obtain airport diagram for KSAC
Learning Objectives
Radar and ATC Services
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe ADS-B
Describe Radar
Describe Transponder Operation
Describe FAA Radar Systems
Describe VFR Radar Services
Describe Automatic Terminal Information Services (ATIS)
Describe Flight Service
Radio Procedures
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe VHF Communication Equipment
Describe Using the Radio
Describe Phonetic Alphabet
Describe Coordinated Universal Time
Describe Common Traffic Advisory Frequency (CTAF)
Describe ATC Facilities at Controlled Airports
Describe Lost Communication Procedures
Describe Emergency Procedures
Describe Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs)
Sources of Flight Information
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Chart Supplement
Describe Airport/Facility Directory
Describe Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)
Describe Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs)
Describe Advisory Circulars
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • describe the services available from ADS-B, transponder, and radar.
  • describe the services provided by ATC and Flight Service.
  • practice using proper radio phraseology for self-announcements on CTAF, in communication with ATC ground, tower (local), and approach control services, and with Flight Service.
  • practice looking up information for airports and navigation aids in the Chart Supplement, and checking for NOTAMs that apply to the planned flight.
  • describe the information contained within the Aeronautical Information Manual and Advisory Circulars.