Ground 2 - Aerodynamic Principles

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is for the pilot-in-training to:

  • Become familiar with aerodynamics principles, including the four forces of flight, stability, maneuvering flight, and load factor.
  • Understand stall and spin characteristics as they related to training airplanes.
  • Learn the importance of prompt recognition of stalls.
Scenario

You are a new flight student, curious to understand what makes an airplane fly.

Preparation
  • Study these chapters in the Jeppesen Private Pilot Textbook and answer the end-of-section reviews.
    • Chapter 3 – Aerodynamic Principles
      • Section A: Four Forces of Flight
      • Section B: Stability
      • Section C: Aerodynamics of Maneuvering Flight
  • Prepare for the knowledge test by studying these sections in the ASA Private Pilot Test Prep book.
    • Chapter 1 – Basic Aerodynamics
Learning Objectives
Physics of Flight
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Four Forces of Flight
Describe Newton’s Laws
Describe Bernoulli’s Principles
Lift
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Airfoil Nomenclature
Describe Lift Formula and how pilot controls lift
Describe Aerodynamic Stall
Describe Weight
Describe Thrust
Drag
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Types of Drag
Describe Lift / Drag Ratio
Describe Ground Effect
Stability
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Three Axes of Flight
Describe Longitudinal Stability
Describe Center of Gravity Position
Describe Lateral Stability
Describe Directional Stability
Describe Spins
Aerodynamics of Maneuvering Flight
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Climbing Flight
Describe Left-Turning Tendencies
Describe Descending Flight
Describe Turning Flight
Describe Load Factor
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table
  • describe the aerodynamics principles including of lift, weight, thrust, drag, stability, stalls and spins.
  • describe the forces acting upon the airplane during maneuvering flight.