Flight 7 - System and Equipment Malfunctions

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the student to managing system and equipment malfunctions and provide opportunities to develop sound aeronautical decision-making skills and judgment.

Scenario

Flight to have dinner with a friend

You have made plans to make a late afternoon flight to the Sacramento McClellan airport to meet a friend for dinner. Your friend has agreed to pick you up at the airport at 5:00 PM and must return to work no later than 8:00 PM. Weather for the route is 4000 broken with isolated rain showers. When you look out the window, the sun is poking through the clouds here and there across the whole area, with some scattered areas of virga, and the winds are out of the south at 10 knots. There are no NOTAMS affecting your flight. The aircraft was not serviced after the last flight and there are only 10 gallons total. The FBO is closed so you can’t get any additional fuel added at home:

  • Where will you get fuel on this flight?
  • How do you know you’ll be able to get fuel there?
Preparation
  • Study these Jeppesen Private Pilot Maneuvers
    • Chapter 4 - Emergency Procedures
      • Maneuver 17 - Systems and Equipment Malfunctions
  • Study your training airplane's POH
    • Chapter 3 - Emergency Procedures
  • Prepare for flight to the Sacramento McClellan Airport (KMCC)
    • Use your plotter to determine the true course and distance in nautical miles from Cameron Park airport to Sacramento McClellan Airport. Convert the true course to a magnetic course by applying the magnetic deviation depicted on the sectional chart for this area.
    • On the notepad that you take with you into the airplane, write down these details regarding the Sacramento McClellan Airport:
      • Airport Name and Identifier
      • Airport Elevation
      • Traffic Pattern Altitude
      • CTAF Frequency
      • AWOS Frequency
      • Runway identifiers, width, length and type of visual glide slope indicator, and traffic pattern direction
  • Obtain a weather briefing and be prepared to present it during the Preflight Discussion
  • Calculate weight and balance and takeoff and landing performance
Learning Objectives
Preflight Discussion
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Discuss lesson objective and completion standards
Explain Managing System and Equipment Malfunctions
Practice Preflight Risk Assessment
Introduce
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Engine Fire during start
Explain Ignition System Malfunctions
Explain Engine Malfunctions
Explain Electrical System Malfunctions
Explain Engine Failure on Takeoff
Practice No Flap landings
Practice Maintaining control while in slow flight in ground effect
Postflight Briefing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Perform Critique performance
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • explain the cause of system and equipment malfunctions and use a checklist or systems knowledge to troubleshoot and resolve the malfunction.
  • execute the memory items (BOLD FACE) for emergency procedures without referring to the checklist.
  • accomplish no flap landings with limited instructor guidance and touchdowns should be within 500 feet of the desired point.
  • maintain altitude ±200 feet, roll out heading ±20 degrees, bank angle ±10 degrees and airspeed ±10 knots on all flight maneuvers.