Flight 3 - Slow Flight and Approach to Landing

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is to identify criteria of a stabilized approach, when a go around procedure is required, and introduce elements associated with maximum performance climbs and slips to landings. In addition, the student will practice airport traffic patterns, landings, and fundamental flight maneuvers.

Scenario

Placerville Car Show

A friend of yours from a nearby city is an avid car collector, and wants to visit a car show today at the Placerville airport. During your preflight planning, you discover several NOTAM’s for the airport. Apparently, a telecommunications company has strung a temporary cable 1000 feet from the approach end of the runway. The cable is approximately 50 feet in the air, which means it protrudes through your normal VFR glide path. Also, there are several 300 ft cranes at the other end of the runway that are involved in the construction. They are not highly visible, and you are not certain of their exact location, so a normal climb-out may not clear them sufficiently.

Preparation
  • Study these Jeppesen Private Pilot Maneuvers
    • Chapter 3 - Airport Operations
      • Maneuver 14 - Forward Slip to a Landing
      • Maneuver 15 - Go-Around
    • Chapter 5 - Flight Maneuvers
      • Maneuver 20 - Slow Flight
  • Prepare for flight to Placerville Airport
    • Use your plotter to determine the true course and distance in nautical miles from Cameron Park airport to Placerville Airport. Convert the true course to a magnetic course by applying the magnetic deviation depicted on the sectional chart for this area.
    • On the notepad that you take with you into the airplane, write down these details regarding the Placerville airport:
      • Airport Name and Identifier
      • Airport Elevation
      • Traffic Pattern Altitude
      • CTAF Frequency
      • AWOS Frequency
      • Runway identifiers, width, length and type of visual glide slope indicator, and traffic pattern direction
Learning Objectives
Preflight Discussion
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Discuss lesson objective and completion standards
Explain Maximum performance climbs
Explain Stabilized Approach
Explain Slips to a landing
Explain Normal and crosswind landings
Explain Judgment and decision-making pertaining to go around
Practice Preflight Risk Assessment
Introduce
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Maximum performance climbs (VX and VY)
Describe Maneuvering during Slow Flight
Describe Stabilized Approach
Describe Slips to a landing (Forward and Side)
Describe Go around/Rejected landings
Review
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Use of checklist
Practice Power plant operations
Practice Taxiing
Practice Normal or crosswind takeoff and climb
Practice Proper use of the radio for two-way communication
Practice Effect and use of controls
Practice Climbs and climbing turns
Practice Straight and level flight
Practice Turns
Practice Descents with and without turns, using high and low drag configurations
Practice Level off from climbs and descents
Practice Normal or crosswind landings
Postflight Briefing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Critique performance
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • describe the criteria of a stabilized approach.
  • identify when a go-around is required and promptly conduct that procedure,
  • conduct normal checklist procedures with little input from the instructor.
  • maintain directional control during the takeoffs and landings.
  • conduct slow flight entry, maneuvering and recovery with instructor guidance.
  • conduct forward and side slips with instructor guidance.
  • maintain altitude ±250 feet, airspeed ±20 knots, heading ±30 degrees and roll out on headings within ±30 degrees while conducting airport traffic patterns.
  • maintain airspeed ±20 knots during climbs and climbing turns.