Flight 18 - Dual Cross-Country Flight

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the pilot-in-training to all of the elements associated with a cross-country flight including navigating via pilotage, dead reckoning and electronic navigations, opening and closing flight plans, VFR flight following, and arrivals and departures at tower-controlled airports.

Scenario

Starting College

Your daughter is starting college at Chico State and you are planning to fly her and her bags in your Cessna 172.  Your daughter weighs 130 pounds and is bringing two 50 lb suitcases with her.

After dropping your daughter off and her bags, you are going to fly down to the Yuba County airport to have your oil changed by Honeycutt Aviation, enjoying lunch while you wait.

Finally, you'll return home to Cameron Park.

Preparation
  • Plan a cross-country flight.  Besides pilotage and dead reckoning, use VOR navigation and/or GPS navigation if aircraft is equipped
    • Leg 1 – O61 to KCIC - plan at 75% power
    • Leg 2 – KCIC to KMYV - plan at 65% power
    • Leg 3 – KMYV to O61 - plan at 75% power
  • Obtain a weather briefing.
  • Calculate weight and balance and takeoff and landing performance.
  • Review aircraft maintenance records to determine compliance with inspection requirements.
Learning Objectives
Preflight Discussion
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Perform Discuss lesson objective and completion standards
Practice Preflight planning and preparation
Practice Use of aircraft performance charts pertaining to cross-country flight
Practice Aircraft weight and balance computation
Practice Procurement and analysis of aeronautical weather reports and forecasts
Practice Filing a VFR flight plan
Practice Identification of equipment and operating requirements to operate in the National Airspace System
Practice Recognition, avoidance and operational restrictions of hazardous terrain features in the geographical area where the cross-country flight will be flown
Explain Diversion procedures
Explain Lost procedures
Perform Preflight Risk Assessment
Introduce
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Opening and closing a flight plan
Practice Maintaining and completing a navigation log
Practice Navigation via dead reckoning
Practice Diverson procedures
Practice Lost procedures
Review
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Navigation via pilotage
Practice Navigation using electronic aids
Practice Procedures and operating practices for collision avoidance, wake turbulence precautions, and wind shear avoidance
Practice ATC and radio phraseology and procedures
Practice Tower controlled airport procedures
Perform Control and maneuvering solely by reference to flight instruments, including straight and level flight, turns, descents, climbs, use of radio aids, and ATC directives.
Perform Takeoff, approach and landing procedures, including short-field, soft-field
Postflight Briefing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Perform Critique performance
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • use navigation aids for orientation with little input from the instructor.
  • track and bracket radials and courses with little input from the instructor.
  • identify and practice proper corrective actions to emergency procedures without instructor guidance.
  • perform short-field and soft-field operations, with touchdowns at or within 300 feet of the desired point, without instructor guidance.
  • use proper ATC radio phraseology and procedures with tower, ground and radar controllers.
  • maintain and complete the navigation log during cross-country flight.
  • maintain altitude within ±150 feet, heading within ±15 degrees, and airspeed within ±10 knots without instructor guidance.