Flight 16 - Navigation and Instrument Flying

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is to review maneuvering solely by reference to flight instruments, ATC directives and emergency procedures applicable to instrument flight to facilitate aeronautical decision making and situational awareness in an airplane. In addition, the student will practice performance takeoffs and landings.

Scenario

The very important business meeting

You have an important business meeting at a nearby airport today. Your boss has advised that if you don’t attend this meeting, the company will miss an opportunity to make a lot of money. So, there is no question about it—you have to be there. A series of recent torrential rains have left most of the rivers and streams in the local area near or at flood stage. Due to this fact, there are numerous road closures and impassable bridges which would significantly lengthen the driving time to the destination. Therefore, as a newly certificated pilot, you elect to fly. You arrange for a taxi to pick you up at the airport at a specific time for the meeting in town. The weather for today looks to be marginal VFR, but the forecasts call for improving conditions. The following are METAR reports for some of the airports in the surrounding area:  

KPVF 102315Z 01020G24KT 3SM FEW001 BKN020 OVC027 16/18 A3028
KAUN 102253Z 35014KT 9SM FEW013 OVC029 17/19 A3024 RMK AO2 SNE07 SLP260 P0000 T10721094=
KLHM 102243Z 35013KT 10SM SCT013 OVC029 17/19 A3024 RMK AO2 SNE07 P0000
KMCC 102233Z 35013KT 10SM BKN013 OVC027 17/19 A3023 RMK AO2
KMHR 102255Z 35016KT 6SM -RA BKN011 OVC025 17/19 A3024 RMK SLP260
KSAC 102212Z 35018KT 4SM BR -RA OVC015 17/20 A3022= (SPECI)
KSMF 102155Z 35018KT 3SM BR -RA OVC013 17/20 A3021 RMK SLP251

There is also this FDC NOTAM

FDC 9/5992 ZOA CA..AIRSPACE MATHER, CA..TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTION. PURSUANT TO 14 CFR SECTION 91.145, MANAGEMENT OF AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS IN THE VICINITY OF AERIAL DEMONSTRATIONS AND MAJOR SPORTING EVENTS, AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS ARE PROHIBITED WITHIN AN AREA DEFINED AS 5NM RADIUS OF 383318N1211746W (MCC126008.4) SFC-16000FT . DUE TO AEROBATIC DEMONSTRATIONS IN SUPPORT OF THE 20XX CALIFORNIA CAPITAL AIRSHOW. UNLESS AUTHORIZED BY ATC. RALPH ROYCE, PHONE 713-408-0633, IS THE POINT OF CONTACT. THE NORCAL /NCT/ TRACON, PHONE 916-366-4080, IS THE COORDINATION FACILITY. DLY 1800-0000 1910031800-1910070000

Preparation
  • Prepare for flight to the Sacramento Executive airport (KSAC)
  • Obtain a weather briefing and be prepared to present it during the Preflight Discussion
  • Calculate weight and balance and takeoff and landing performance
  • Review aircraft maintenance records to determine compliance with inspection requirements.
Learning Objectives
Preflight Discussion
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Perform Discuss lesson objective and completion standards
Perform Preflight Risk Assessment
Review
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice ATC Procedures and Communication
Practice Instrument Flight: Straight-and-Level Flight
Practice Instrument Flight: Turns to headings
Practice Instrument Flight: Straight, constant airspeed climbs and descents
Practice Instrument Flight: Climbing and descending turns
Practice Instrument Flight: VOR Navigation
Practice Instrument Flight: GPS navigation
Practice Emergency Procedures: 180 degrees turn in clouds
Practice Emergency Procedures: Emergency climbs and descents
Practice Emergency Procedures: Recovery from unusual flight attitudes
Practice Emergency Procedures: Inadvertent flight into icing conditions
Practice Emergency Procedures: Radar vectors
Perform Short-Field takeoffs and maximum performance climbs
Perform Short-Field Approach and Landing
Perform Soft-Field Takeoff and Climb
Perform Soft-Field Approach and Landing
Postflight Briefing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Perform Critique performance
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • identify and practice proper corrective actions to emergency procedures with little input from the instructor.
  • maintain directional control at all times during takeoffs and landings.
  • perform short-field and soft-field operations with touchdowns at or within 400 feet of the desired point with little input from the instructor.
  • maintain altitude within ±150 feet, heading within ±20 degrees, and airspeed within ±10 knots with little input from the instructor.