Flight 4 - Stall Awareness and Recovery

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is to raise awareness of how stalls occur and develop the student’s ability recognize and recover from stalls. The student will also practice maneuvers listed as review.

Scenario

Pancake Breakfast Fly-in at Auburn

There is an EAA pancake breakfast/fly-in at the Auburn Airport today. You and your non-pilot friend decide to attend. Expect a lot of aircraft to be in the vicinity of this airport during the event. Just prior to the flight, your buddy, who is a big sailboat fan, asks you if it would be possible to over-fly the boat race that is taking place on a Folsom Lake today. You don’t see any problem accommodating his request.

Preparation
  • Study these Jeppesen Private Pilot Maneuvers
    • Chapter 5 - Flight Maneuvers
      • Maneuver 21 - Power-Off Stalls
      • Maneuver 22 - Power-On Stalls
  • Prepare for flight to the Auburn Airport
    • Use your plotter to determine the true course and distance in nautical miles from Cameron Park airport to Auburn Airport. Convert the true course to a magnetic course by applying the magnetic deviation depicted on the sectional chart for this area.
    • On the notepad that you take with you into the airplane, write down these details regarding the Auburn airport:
      • Airport Name and Identifier
      • Airport Elevation
      • Traffic Pattern Altitude
      • CTAF Frequency
      • AWOS Frequency
      • Runway identifiers, width, length and type of visual glide slope indicator, and traffic pattern direction
  • Obtain a weather briefing and be prepared to present it during the Preflight Discussion
Learning Objectives
Preflight Discussion
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Discuss lesson objective and completion standards
Describe Power-Off Stalls: Stall entry, recognition and recovery procedures
Describe Power-On Stalls: Stall entry, recognition and recovery procedures
Practice Preflight Risk Assessment
Introduce
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Stall recognition and recovery procedures: from straight flight and from turns (full and imminent)
Describe Power-Off Stalls
Describe Power-On Stalls
Review
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Perform Use of checklists
Perform Power plant operations
Practice Taxiing
Practice Normal or crosswind takeoff and climb
Practice Proper use of the radio for two-way communication
Perform Effect and use of controls
Perform Climbs and climbing turns
Perform Straight and level flight
Perform Level Turns
Perform Descents with and without turns, using high and low drag configurations
Perform Level off from climbs and descents
Practice Forward Slip to a landing
Practice Side Slip to a Landing
Perform Collision avoidance procedures
Practice Wake turbulence avoidance procedures
Practice Wind shear avoidance procedures
Perform Airport traffic pattern entry and departure procedures
Perform Before Landing procedures
Practice Maneuvering during Slow Flight
Practice Normal or crosswind landings
Practice Go arounds/Rejected landings
Perform After landing, engine shutdown, securing and postflight inspection
Postflight Briefing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Critique performance
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • conduct normal checklist procedures without input from the instructor.
  • recognize when a stall is occurring and promptly conduct the proper recovery procedure.
  • maintain altitude ±250 feet, airspeed within ±20 knots, heading within ±30 degrees, and roll out on desired headings within ±30 degrees while reviewing maneuvers.