Flight 2 - Airport Traffic Pattern

Objective

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the elements associated with conducting flight within airport traffic patterns and approach to landings, while also reviewing the fundamental maneuvers introduced in the previous flight lesson.

Scenario

Flight to Lincoln and Return

You are a crop insurance salesman and a client of yours has a hail damage claim in one of his fields outside a nearby town. You will fly to the town, while en route you will survey his field by air to assess the damage. After discussing the claim with him, you will return.

Preparation
  • Study these chapters in the Jeppesen Private Pilot Textbook and answer the end-of-section reviews.
    • Chapter 5 - Communication and Flight Information
      • Section B: Radio Procedures
  • Study these Jeppesen Private Pilot Maneuvers
    • Chapter 3 - Airport Operations
      • Maneuver 10 - Normal Takeoff and Climb
      • Maneuver 11 - Crosswind Takeoff and Climb
      • Maneuver 12 - Traffic Patterns
      • Maneuver 13 - Normal Approach and Landing
      • Maneuver 16 - Crosswind Approach and Landing
      • Exercises
  • Practice recalling training airplane Normal Procedures for the traffic pattern.
  • Practice walking around a large rectangle and recalling Normal Procedures and radio announcements performed in the traffic pattern.  Use this training aid while you walk around the rectangle.
  • Prepare for flight to Lincoln Regional Airport
    • Use your plotter to determine the true course and distance in nautical miles from Cameron Park airport to Lincoln Airport. Convert the true course to a magnetic course by applying the magnetic deviation depicted on the sectional chart for this area.
    • On the notepad that you take with you into the airplane, write down these details regarding the Lincoln airport:
      • Airport Name and Identifier
      • Airport Elevation
      • Traffic Pattern Altitude
      • CTAF Frequency
      • AWOS Frequency
      • Runway identifiers, width, length and type of visual glide slope indicator, and traffic pattern direction
Learning Objectives
Preflight Discussion
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Explain Discuss lesson objective and completion standards
Explain Preflight planning and preparation
Explain Tracking a straight line
Explain Airport traffic patterns
Explain Normal and crosswind landings
Explain Single-pilot Resource Management (SRM)
Explain Preflight Risk Assessment
Introduce
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Describe Aircraft Servicing
Describe Collision avoidance procedures
Describe Wake turbulence avoidance procedures
Describe Wind shear avoidance procedures
Describe Tracking a straight line
Describe Airport traffic pattern entry and departure procedures
Describe Normal or crosswind landings
Review
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Aircraft preflight inspection
Describe Cockpit management
Practice Use of checklist
Practice Engine starting and warm-up
Practice Pre-takeoff and run-up procedures
Practice Proper use of the radio for two-way communication
Practice Taxiing
Practice Normal or crosswind takeoffs and climbouts
Practice Climbs and climbing turns
Practice Shallow and Medium Banked Turns
Practice Descents with and without turns, using high and low drag configurations
Practice Establish known pitch and power configurations (fast cruise, descent, traffic pattern, climb)
Practice Rudder Coordination Exercises
Practice Before Landing procedures
Practice After landing, engine shutdown, securing and postflight inspection
Practice Aircraft postflight inspection
Postflight Briefing
Desired Outcome Task/Knowledge
Practice Critique performance
Completion Standards
The lesson is complete when the pilot-in-training can:
  • meet the desired outcomes listed in the learning objectives table.
  • track a straight line and conduct traffic pattern procedures with instructor guidance.
  • conduct normal checklist procedures with little input from the instructor.
  • identify and avoid areas of possible wake turbulence and windshear with instructor guidance.
  • maintains continuous vigilance for other aircraft with extra precautions taken in areas of congested traffic.
  • maintain altitude ±250 feet, airspeed ±20 knots, heading ±30 degrees and roll out on headings within ±30 degrees of that desired while conducting fundamental flight maneuvers.